Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf Military Uniforms 1700 - 1715
By Jan Schlurmann
The following page gives some illustrations of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf uniforms from the early 18th century. In addition there are some comments on the uniforms. The illustrations and text on this page were kindly supplied to me by Jan Schlurmann. I would like to thank him for his time and effort in supplying me with this information and would hope that you too will appreciate it.
If you have any questions, comments, etc, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I will pass them on to the author.
Picture 1: From left to right
Fig. 1 Musketeer, Barner’s Regiment of Foot, 1703.
Fig. 2 Drummer, Aderkass’ Regiment of Foot, 1703.
Fig. 3 Staff officer, Dobrokoffsky’s Regiment of Foot, 1709.
Fig. 4 Regimental chaplain (Feldprediger).
Picture 2: From left to right
Fig. 5 Dragoon, Baudissin‘s Regiment of Dragoons, 1703
Fig. 6 Musician (Hautboist) of the Dragoon Guards, 1700.
Fig.7 Staff officer, von der Osten’s Regiment of Horse (Imperial Kreiskontingent), 1703.
Fig. 8 Musketeer, Dobrokoffsky’s Regiment of Foot, campaign dress 1710/11.
Fig. 9 Trooper, von der Osten’s Regiment of Horse
(Imperial Kreiskontingent), 1703.
The drummer’s uniform and the drum shows the personal coat-of arms and colours of the regiment’s commander Carl Johan(n) von Aderkass: gold, black, green. No side arms are worn as was common in the Swedish army around 1700 (TESSIN, Deutsche Regimenter, p. 161).
An orange sash was worn by all Gottorf officers in service with the Dutch Generalstaaten. Usually a red-silver Gottorf sash was worn.
Every regiment’s prima plana contained at least one priest or chaplain, called a “Feldprediger”. The whole Gottorf military (“milice”) formed a clerical administration unit of its own with a “Feldprobst” as supervisor. Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf dukes were Lutheran since the early 16th century.
The dragoon guards were, more or less, the private lifeguard of General von Dernath, the Gottorfian commander-in-chief. Troopers wore dark blue coats with scarlett cuffs and collar, with white facings for corporals and sergeants. A grenadier’s hat made of brown fur underlined the elite status of that particular regiment. Musicians wore a “livrée”-like dress like shown here.
The officer is shown in his off-duty dress: he has changed the normal high leather cavalry boots for more elegant shoes.
After several years of service in Flanders, the Gottorfian auxiliary troops in Dutch and English service were not able to replace their worn out uniforms and lost equipment. This soldier has a self-made haversack.