The Battle of Magenta
(4th June 1859)

In the1859 campaign the Austrianís had initially sort to take advantage of the division of their enemies. They had advanced from their bases in an attempt to crush the Piedmontese forces before their French allies arrived in strength. Unfortunately for the Austrianís their commander, Field Marshall Gyulai, proved not to be up to the job. So having suffered a number of reverses, and with the French and Piedmontese armies combined, the Austrianís switched to the defensive and pulled back to positions around Magenta. Meanwhile the allies were eager to take advantage of their position and secure victory as soon as possible. They knew that Austrian reinforcements were on the way to the Italian front. Also the longer the war continued the greater the chance that the Prussianís, and possibly other German states, would intervene in the conflict by mobilising on the Rhine. The Austrian army was deployed behind the Ticino River and the Naviglio Grande canal. Seeking to avoid a frontal assault the Franco-Piedmontese army attempted to turn the Austrian right flank. They sent MacMahon with a mixed command, including the Piedmontese army, to cross the Ticino and Naviglio Grande further up. He was to attack the flank of the Austrian forces that were hastily moving into place to block these moves. While Napoleon III moved with the bulk of the French forces to pin the Austrianís to their positions.

 

 

 

The purpose of this page is to provide scenario details for the Battle of Magenta. The scenario is for use with the adaptation to the excellent Fire and Fury rules for the mid Nineteenth century European wars at Fire and Furia Francese.

Note: The version for the update rules is here - Mit Blut und Eisen scenario

Scale and Notes

The scale used for this scenario is 1 stand = 300 men or 12 guns. The starts with the Allied 12:00 phase and finishes with the Austrian 20:00 phase, the Allies move first in each turn.

 

Orders of Battle

The Franco-Piedmontese Army

All infantry have MLR and all artillery stands are RA.

All units roll a D6 on a 5 or 6 they have an Exceptional commander

Commander in Chief: Emperor Napoleon III   1 Ldr (see Special Rules)

Imperial Guard Corps:  St. Jean D'Angely  1 Ldr

Corps Artillery (part): 2 stands

Grenadier Division: Mellinet  1 Ldr

  • Zouaves de la Garde: 4 / 2 / - IA
  • 1st Grenadier Regt:: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 2nd Grenadier Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 3rd Grenadier Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

3rd Corps: Canrobert  1 Ldr

1st Division: Renault  1 Ldr

  • 8th Chasseurs Btn: 3 / - / 2 L
  • 23rd Line Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 A
  • 41st Line Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 A
  • 56th Line Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 A
  • 90th Line Regt: 6 / 5 / 3 A

 4th Corps:  Niel   1 E.Ldr

 2nd Division:  Vinoy 1 Ldr

  • 6th Chasseurs Btn: 3 / - / 2 L
  • 52nd Line Regt: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • 73rd Line Regt: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • 85th Line Regt: 5 / 4 / 3 A
  • 86th Line Regt: 5 / 4 / 3 A

MacMahonís Command: MacMahon 1 E.Ldr

2nd Corps Artillery Reserve: 2 guns

 2nd Corps Cavalry Reserve (4th & 7th Chasseurs a cheval, Alessandria Lt Horse): 4 / 3 / 2

 9th Bersaglieri Btn: 3 / 2 / - L

1st Division, 2nd Corps:  de la Motterouge  1 Ldr

  • 1st Turcos Regt: 7 / 5 / 3 IA
  • 45th Line Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 A
  • 65th Line Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 A
  • 70th Line Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 A
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

2nd Division, 2nd Corps:  Epinasse  1 E.Ldr 

  • 11th Chasseurs Btn: 3 / - / 2 L
  • 71st Line Regt: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • 72nd Line Regt: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • 2nd Zouave Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 1st Etranger Regt: 5 / 3 / 2 IA
  • 2nd Etranger Regt: 7 / 5 / 3 IA
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

 Voltigeur Division, Imperial Guard:  Camou  1 Ldr

  • Chasseurs de la Garde: 4 / 2 / - L
  • 1st Voltigeur Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 2nd Voltigeur Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 3rd Voltigeur Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 4th Voltigeur Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Horse gun

The Austrian Army

Infantry marked with an * are armed with SM, all others are armed with MLR. All artillery are SA.

All units roll a D6 on a 5 or 6 they have an (E)xceptional commander

Commander in Chief: Gyulai   1 P Ldr (may be ignored he has no effect on the battle)

Army Reserve Cavalry (1st Ulan Regt): 4 / 3 / 2

1st Corps: Clam-Gallas   1 P Ldr

1st Division: Montenuovo  1 Ldr 

  • 2nd Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 1st Btn, 11th Grenze Regt: 4 / - / 3 * or 6 / 5 / 4 L *
  • 60th Infantry Regt: 11 / 9 / 6 *
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

2nd Division: Cordon  1 Ldr

  • 14th Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 2nd Btn, 11th Grenze Regt: 4 / - / 3 * or 6 / 5 / 4 L *
  • 37th Infantry Regt: 12 / 9 / 6 *
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

2nd Corps:  Liechtenstein  1 Ldr

Corps Artillery: 2 guns

1st Division:  Jellacic  1 Ldr

  • 7th Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 21st Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 12th Infantry Regt: 11 / 9 / 7
  • 46th Infantry Regt: 11 / 9 / 7
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Horse gun

 2nd Division:  Herdy  1 Ldr

  • 10th Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 9th Infantry Regt: 11 / 9 / 7
  • 45th Infantry Regt: 10 / 9 / 7
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Horse gun

3rd Corps:  Schwarzenburg  1 Ldr

Corps Artillery: 2 guns

Corps Cavalry (10th Hussars): 4 / 3 / 2

1st Division:  Schonberger 1 Ldr

  • 13th Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 15th Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 27th Infantry Regt: 14 / 11 / 9
  • 58th Infantry Regt: 14 / 11 / 9
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

 2nd Division:  Martini  1 Ldr

  • 23rd Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 2nd Btn, 2nd Grenze Regt: 4 / - / 3 * or 6 / 5 / 4 L *
  • 5th Infantry Regt: 14 / 11 / 9 *
  • 14th Infantry Regt: 13 / 11 / 9 *
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

1st Division, 5th Corps Paumgarten  1 Ldr

  • 4th Kaiser Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 31st Infantry Regt: 11 / 9 / 7

 1st Division, 7th Corps: Reisach  1 Ldr

  • 3rd Kaiser Jager Btn: 4 / 3 / 2 L
  • 1st Infantry Regt: 12 / 9 / 7
  • 54th Infantry Regt: 11 / 9 / 7
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun
Deployment and reinforcement

The Austrians

At the start:

 Army Cavalry Reserve: In Column of March at Magenta.

 1st Corps: North of the canal, in any desired formation in squares D1 Ė 5, E1 Ė 4 and F1 Ė 3.

 2nd Corps: North of the canal, in any desired formation in squares G1 Ė 3 and H1 or H2.

 Reinforcements: 

3rd Corps: At the beginning of the Austrian 12:30 phase and every subsequent Austrian phase roll a D10. On the 12:30 phase if a 10 is rolled this Corps arrives. On the 13:00 phase a 9 or 10 are required, on the 13:30 phase an 8, 9 or 10, etc. When this Corps arrives it does so in Column of March or Limbered. The Corps assets and one of the Divisions arrives along the road at I2. The other Division may arrive along (but not both) of the roads I1 or I2.

 1st Division, 7th Corps: Beginning the Austrian phase after the 3rd Corps arrives this Corps starts rolling for its arrival. On the phase following 3rd Corps arrival it requires a 10, the next phase a 9 or 10, etc. A +2 dice modifier may be applied to this roll if any unspent infantry units from the French Grenadier Division, 1st Division (3rd Corps) or 2nd Division (4th Corps) are north of the canal. The Division is in Column of March or Limbered and arrives along the road at I1.

1st Division, 5th Corps: The Austrian phase after the 1st Division, 7th Corps arrives this unit arrives no dice roll is required. The Division is in Column of March or Limbered and arrives along the road at I1.

 The Allies

At start: 

2nd Division, 2nd Corps: In any desired formation in squares A1 & A2.

Voltigeur Division, Imperial Guard Corps: In any desired formation in squares A3 & A4 (north of Cuggiore, including the village itself).

1st Division, 2nd Corps: In any desired formation in squares A4 (south of Cuggiore), A5 & A6 (north of the canal)

MacMahonís Command: All other assets of MacMahonís, except the 9th Bersaglieri Btn, may be placed anywhere that the above units may deploy.

Reinforcements:

12:00 Grenadier Division, Imperial Guard Corps (minus their artillery): Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March.

12:30 Grenadier Division and Corps Assests, Imperial Guard Corps: Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March or Limbered.

13:00 1st Division, 3rd Corps: Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March.

13:30 2nd Division, 4th Corps: Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March.

16:00 9th Bersaglieri Btn: Enter the board in squares A1 and A2.

Austrian Infrantryman

Terrain

Terrain Map

Naviglio Grande Canal: Runs from square A6 to I2. It cannot be crossed except at the marked bridges.

Elevation: There are 2 elevations in this game. The light green area is the lower elevation and the white are the higher.

Woods (Dark Green): Counts as difficult terrain, blocks line of sight and give a +1 fire and melee advantage.

Villages & Towns (Black): Counts as difficult terrain, blocks line of sight and give a +1 fire and melee advantage. Magenta should be depicted as 4 blocks of town, each measuring 3 to 5Ē on each side. These blocks are important for victory determination.

Cultivated areas (Yellow): Counts as difficult terrain and blocks line of sight.

Railway Line (Brown line from F1 to F6): This feature has an embankment along most of its length but is a cutting in the central sectors (the part from G3 to F4). The embankment parts block line of sight, count as a 1Ē wide linear obstacle and give a +1 fire and combat advantage if a unit is lining it. The cutting part has very steep sides, so cavalry and artillery may not enter it from the sides, infantry count it as a 2Ē wide linear obstacle. Any units may enter or exit it from the northern and southern entrances. While inside the cutting units can neither see or be seen, except by units that are touching the cutting.

Bridges: There are 5 bridges marked on the map, in squares C5, E4, F3, G3 (Railway bridge) and at Ponte Vecchio. The bridge at C5 (Bernale) has been destroyed and no one can cross there. The bridge at E4 (Buffalora) is partially destroyed and takes a full turn to cross. All others may be crossed as usual.

Special Rules

Emperor Napoleon III: The Emperor Napoleon may give a unit the benefit of an attached leader. He has no command range and must be attached to a unit to have any effect. If an attached leader is killed when the Emperor is attached he is killed, roll for it if there are more than one attached leaders. If he is Killed the Austrianís receive a large victory point bonus, detailed below.

Victory Points

The normal victory points schedule from the Fire and Fury rules are used for units damaged, etc .In addition the modifications outlined in the Fire and Furia Francese rules and The War of 1859 are also used. The following scenario specific victory conditions also apply.

Either Side:

5 v.pís for control of each of the 4 blocks of Magenta at the end of the game.

+10 v.pís for control of 3 blocks of Magenta at the end of the game.

+20 v.pís for control of all 4 blocks of Magenta at the end of the game.

Austrians:

20 v.pís if no unspent infantry units from the allied forces that enter from F6 are across the Naviglio Grande Canal at the end of the game

50 v.p's for killing the Emperor, Napoleon III while attached to a unit

 

The French advance into Magenta
The Historical Battle:

There is a good account of The Battle at http://www.provincia.milano.it/magenta/BattIngl/Battmenu.htm , please consult that.