The Battle of Magenta
(4th June 1859)

In the1859 campaign the Austrianís had initially sort to take advantage of the division of their enemies. They had advanced from their bases in an attempt to crush the Piedmontese forces before their French allies arrived in strength. Unfortunately for the Austrianís their commander, Field Marshall Gyulai, proved not to be up to the job. So having suffered a number of reverses, and with the French and Piedmontese armies combined, the Austrianís switched to the defensive and pulled back to positions around Magenta. Meanwhile the allies were eager to take advantage of their position and secure victory as soon as possible. They knew that Austrian reinforcements were on the way to the Italian front. Also the longer the war continued the greater the chance that the Prussianís, and possibly other German states, would intervene in the conflict by mobilising on the Rhine. The Austrian army was deployed behind the Ticino River and the Naviglio Grande canal. Seeking to avoid a frontal assault the Franco-Piedmontese army attempted to turn the Austrian right flank. They sent MacMahon with a mixed command, including the Piedmontese army, to cross the Ticino and Naviglio Grande further up. He was to attack the flank of the Austrian forces that were hastily moving into place to block these moves. While Napoleon III moved with the bulk of the French forces to pin the Austrianís to their positions.

 

 

 

 

The purpose of this page is to provide scenario details for the Battle of Magenta, 1859. The scenario is for use with the Mit Blut und Eisen rules for the mid Nineteenth century European wars - Mit Blut und Eisen.

Note: The version for the old rules is here - Fire and Furia Francese scenario

 

Notes

The starts with the Allied 12:00 phase and finishes with the Austrian 20:00 phase, the Allies move first in each turn.

 

Orders of Battle

 

The Franco-Piedmontese Army

All infantry have MLR and all artillery stands are RA. Roll a D6 for each unit that does not have a leader. On a roll of 5 or 6 the unit has a leader. Roll again and on a 1-5 it is a +1 leader, on a 6 a +2 leader.

Commander in Chief: Emperor Napoleon III   (2) (see Special Rules)

Imperial Guard Corps:  St. Jean D'Angely  (1): Formation Morale 8- 1 D6

Corps Artillery (part): 2 Foot Batteries.

Grenadier Division: Mellinet  (1)

  • Zouaves de la Garde/1st Grenadier: 5 / 3 / 2IA
  • 2nd/3rd Grenadier Regt: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

3rd Corps: Canrobert  (2): Formation Morale 6 plus 1 if light unit used - 1 D6

1st Division: Renault  (1)

  • 8th Chasseurs Btn: 3 / -/ 2 Light or make 1 unit below 7 / 5 / 4 or both 'Heavy' skirmishers.
  • 1st Brigade: 6 / 5 / 3A
  • 2nd Brigade:: 6 / 5 / 3 A

 4th Corps:  Niel   (3): Formation Morale 7 plus 1 if light unit used - 1 D6

 2nd Division:  Vinoy (0)

  • 6th Chasseurs Btn: 3 / - / 2 Light or make 1 unit below 7 / 5 / 4 or 6 / 5 / 3 or both 'Heavy' skirmishers.
  • 1st Brigade: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • 2nd Brigade: 5 / 4 / 3 A

MacMahonís Command: MacMahon (3): Formation Morale 20.5 plus 1 per extra light unit used - 3D6

2nd Corps Artillery Reserve: 2 Foot Bateries

2nd Corps Cavalry Reserve (4th & 7th Chasseurs a cheval, Alessandria Lt Horse): 4 / 3 / 2 (+1)

 9th Bersaglieri Btn: 3 / 2 / - Light

1st Division, 2nd Corps:  de la Motterouge  (1)

  • 1st Brigade (1st Turcos and 45th Line Regt): 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 2nd Brigade: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

2nd Division, 2nd Corps:  Epinasse  (2)

  • 11th Chasseurs Btn: 3 / - / 2 Light or make 1 unit below 7 / 5 / 4 or 4 / 3/ 2 or 6 / 4/ 2 or two 'Heavy' skirmishers.
  • 1st Brigade: 6 / 5 / 3 A
  • 2nd Zouave Regt: 3 / 2 / - IA
  • Foreign Legion Brigad: 5 / 3 / 2 IA
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

 Voltigeur Division, Imperial Guard:  Camou  (1)

  • Chasseurs de la Garde: 3/ 2 / - Light or make 1 unit below 7 / 5 / 3 or both 'Heavy' skirmishers.
  • 1st Voltigeur Brigade: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • 2nd Voltigeur Brigade: 6 / 4 / 2 IA
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Horse Battery

 

The Austrian Army

Infantry marked with an * are armed with SM, all others are armed with MLR. All artillery are SA.

Roll a D6 for each unit that does not have a leader. On a roll of 5 or 6 the unit has a leader. Roll again and on a 1-5 it is a +1 leader, on a 6 a +2 leader.

Commander in Chief: Gyulai   (0)

Army Reserve Cavalry (1st Ulan Regt): 3 / - / 2 (+1)

1st Corps: Clam-Gallas   (1): Formation Morale 7 plus up to 4 depending on how the light infantry are used - 2 D6

1st Division: Montenuovo  (1)

  • 2nd Jager Btn and 1st Btn, 11th Grenze Regt: Can be fielded as two light units 3 / 2 / - and 3 / - / 2* OR as one light unit and upgrade infantry regiment to 7 / 5 / 4* OR as one line unit 3 / 2 / - OR upgrade infantry regiment to 8 / 6 / 4*
  • 60th Infantry Regt: 6 / 5 / 3*
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

2nd Division: Cordon  (1)

  • 14th Jager Btn and 2nd Btn, 11th Grenze Regt: Can be fielded as two light units 3 / 2 / - and 3 / - / 2* OR as one light unit and upgrade infantry regiment to 8 / 6/ 4* OR upgrade both infantry regiments to 8 / 6 / 4 * OR as one line unit 3 / 2 / - OR upgrade infantry regiment to 9 / 7 / 5*
  • 37th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 *
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

2nd Corps:  Liechtenstein  (2) : Formation Morale 12 plus 1 per light infantry unit used - 2 D6

Corps Artillery: 2 Foot Batteries

1st Division:  Jellacic  (1)

  • 7th and 21s Jager Btns : Can be fielded as two light units 3 / 2 / - OR as one light unit and upgrade infantry regiment to 8 / 6/ 4 OR upgrade both infantry regiments to 8 / 6 / 4 OR as one line unit 3 / 2 / - OR upgrade one infantry regiment to 9 / 7 / 5
  • 12th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4
  • 46th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Horse Battery

 2nd Division:  Herdy (1)

  • 10th Jager Btn: Can be fielded as light unit 3 / 2 / - Light OR upgrade one infantry regiment to 7/ 5 / 4
  • 9th Infantry Regt: 6 / 5 / 3
  • 45th Infantry Regt: 6 / 5 / 3
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Horse Battery

3rd Corps:  Schwarzenburg  (1): Formation Morale 12 plus plus up to 4 depending on how the light infantry are used - 2 D6

Corps Artillery: 2 Foot Batteries

Corps Cavalry (10th Hussars): 3 / -/ 2 (+1)

1st Division:  Schonberger (1)

  • 13th and 15th Jager Btn: Can be fielded as two light units 3 / 2 / - OR as one light unit and upgrade infantry regiment to 8 / 6/ 4 OR upgrade both infantry regiments to 8 / 6 / 4 OR as one line unit 3 / 2 / - OR upgrade one infantry regiment to 9 / 7 / 5
  • 27th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4
  • 58th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

 2nd Division:  Martini  (0)

  • 23rd Jager Btn and 2nd Btn, 2nd Grenze Regt: Can be fielded as two light units 3 / 2 / - and 3 / - / 2* OR as one light unit and upgrade infantry regiment to 8 / 6/ 4* OR upgrade both infantry regiments to 8 / 6 / 4 * OR as one line unit 3 / 2 / - OR upgrade infantry regiment to 9 / 7 / 5*
  • 5th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4 *
  • 14th Infantry Regt: 7 / 5 / 4*
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 gun

1st Division, 5th Corps Paumgarten  (2): Formation Morale 4 plus 1 if light unit used - 1 D6

  • 4th Kaiser Jager Btn: Can be fielded as light unit 3 / 2 / - Light OR upgrade one infantry regiment to 7/ 5 / 4
  • 31st Infantry Regt: 6 / 5 / 3

 1st Division, 7th Corps: Reisach  (1): Formation Morale 6 plus 1 if light unit used - 1 D6

  • 3rd Kaiser Jager Btn: Can be fielded as light unit 3 / 2 / - Light OR upgrade one infantry regiment to 7/ 5 / 4 or 7 / 5 / 3
  • 1st Infantry Regt: 6 / 4 / 2
  • 54th Infantry Regt: 6 / 5 / 3
  • Divisional Artillery: 1 Foot Battery

 

Deployment and reinforcement

The Austrians

At the start:

 Army Cavalry Reserve: In Column of March at Magenta.

 1st Corps: North of the canal, in any desired formation in squares D1 Ė 5, E1 Ė 4 and F1 Ė 3.

 2nd Corps: North of the canal, in any desired formation in squares G1 Ė 3 and H1 or H2.

 Reinforcements: 

3rd Corps: At the beginning of the Austrian 12:30 phase and every subsequent Austrian phase roll a D10. On the 12:30 phase if a 10 is rolled this Corps arrives. On the 13:00 phase a 9 or 10 are required, on the 13:30 phase an 8, 9 or 10, etc. When this Corps arrives it does so in Column of March or Limbered. The Corps assets and one of the Divisions arrives along the road at I2. The other Division may arrive along (but not both) of the roads I1 or I2.

 1st Division, 7th Corps: Beginning the Austrian phase after the 3rd Corps arrives this Corps starts rolling for its arrival. On the phase following 3rd Corps arrival it requires a 10, the next phase a 9 or 10, etc. A +2 dice modifier may be applied to this roll if any unspent infantry units from the French Grenadier Division, 1st Division (3rd Corps) or 2nd Division (4th Corps) are north of the canal. The Division is in Column of March or Limbered and arrives along the road at I1.

1st Division, 5th Corps: The Austrian phase after the 1st Division, 7th Corps arrives this unit arrives no dice roll is required. The Division is in Column of March or Limbered and arrives along the road at I1.

 

The Allies

At start: 

2nd Division, 2nd Corps: In any desired formation in squares A1 & A2.

Voltigeur Division, Imperial Guard Corps: In any desired formation in squares A3 & A4 (north of Cuggiore, including the village itself).

1st Division, 2nd Corps: In any desired formation in squares A4 (south of Cuggiore), A5 & A6 (north of the canal)

MacMahonís Command: All other assets of MacMahonís, except the 9th Bersaglieri Btn, may be placed anywhere that the above units may deploy.

Reinforcements:

12:00 Grenadier Division, Imperial Guard Corps (minus their artillery): Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March.

12:30 Grenadier Division and Corps Assests, Imperial Guard Corps: Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March or Limbered.

13:00 1st Division, 3rd Corps: Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March.

13:30 2nd Division, 4th Corps: Enter the board from the bridge at F6 in Column of March.

16:00 9th Bersaglieri Btn: Enter the board in squares A1 and A2.

Austrian Infrantryman

 

Terrain

Terrain Map

Naviglio Grande Canal: Runs from square A6 to I2. It cannot be crossed except at the marked bridges.

Elevation: There are 2 elevations in this game. The light green area is the lower elevation and the white are the higher.

Woods (Dark Green): Counts as difficult terrain, blocks line of sight and counts as light cover.

Villages & Towns (Black): Counts as difficult terrain, blocks line of sight and counts as light cover. Magenta should be depicted as 4 blocks of town, each measuring 3 to 5 BW on each side. These blocks are important for victory determination.

Cultivated areas (Yellow): Counts as difficult terrain and blocks line of sight.

Railway Line (Brown line from F1 to F6): This feature has an embankment along most of its length but is a cutting in the central sectors (the part from G3 to F4). The embankment parts block line of sight, count as a 1BW wide linear obstacle and counts as light cover if a unit is lining it. The cutting part has very steep sides, so cavalry and artillery may not enter it from the sides, infantry count it as a 2BW wide linear obstacle. Any units may enter or exit it from the northern and southern entrances. While inside the cutting units can neither see or be seen, except by units that are touching the cutting.

Bridges: There are 5 bridges marked on the map, in squares C5, E4, F3, G3 (Railway bridge) and at Ponte Vecchio. The bridge at C5 (Bernale) has been destroyed and no one can cross there. The bridge at E4 (Buffalora) is partially destroyed and takes a full turn to cross. All others may be crossed as usual.

 

Special Rules

Emperor Napoleon III: The Emperor Napoleon may give a unit the benefit of an attached leader. He has no command range and must be attached to a unit to have any effect. If an attached leader is killed when the Emperor is attached he is killed, roll for it if there are more than one attached leaders. If he is Killed the Austrianís receive a large victory point bonus, detailed below.

 

Victory Points

The following scenario specific victory conditions also apply.

Either Side:

5 v.pís for control of each of the 4 blocks of Magenta at the end of the game.

+10 v.pís for control of 3 blocks of Magenta at the end of the game.

+20 v.pís for control of all 4 blocks of Magenta at the end of the game.

Austrians:

20 v.pís if no unspent infantry units from the allied forces that enter from F6 are across the Naviglio Grande Canal at the end of the game

50 v.p's for killing the Emperor, Napoleon III while attached to a unit

 

The French advance into Magenta

The Historical Battle:

There is a good account of The Battle at http://www.provincia.milano.it/magenta/BattIngl/Battmenu.htm , please consult that.