Austrian infantry are armed with the Lorenz Rifle a MLR. The
artillery was rearmed with rifled guns counting as RA. In addition
they continued to use a small number of rocket batteries. On
the very rare occasions that Austrian cavalry can dismount they
will count as Confederate cavalry for firing.
Tactical Doctrine: Reacting
to their defeat in the war of 1859, the Austrian sought to
imitate France's successful tactics of that war. All infantry
therefore use assault tactics when in column of attack formation.
Indeed the infantry were trained to operate at all times in
this formation. All infantry should therefore suffer a -1
on the manoeuvre chart when they in line or supported line.
Jaeger battalions are light infantry and can use skirmish
tactics, as can the few units of 'Grenzers' that saw action
in the war.
Troop Quality: The majority
of the Austrian army should be rated 'Veteran'. Depot units
and 'unreliable' infantry, such as units raised in Italy,
should be rated as 'Green'. While the Jaegers and the elite
infantry units such as the 4th Regiment and the 'Iron Brigade'
deserve 'Crack" status. Cavalry were of high quality
and should be rated as 'Veteran' or higher.
Leadership: The command of
the Austrian Army was, on the whole, abysmal. Many of the
corps and cavalry division commanders owed there position
to social status, rather than any degree of competence. In
addition the army fought without infantry divisions, the infantry
brigades being directly subordinate to the corps commander.
This further handicapped the command structure. Therefore
Austrian 'divisional' commanders are in fact brigade commanders.
About half of the Austrian commanders should be rated as 'Poor"
commanders. None of the 'divisional' commanders and few other
commanders: corps, cavalry division and unit, should be 'Exceptional".
Organization: The following
is the 'standard' organisation of Austrian formations in 1866.
Obviously there were many exceptions to this in reality, particularly
on the Italian Front. The number of stands depict the units
at full strength. In brackets are the number of stands if
the unit is skirmishing. While the first number is appropriate
to the 1:300 scale and the second to the 1:200 scale, if different.
|1 Leader (Corps Commander).
|Corps Artillery: 1 / 2 Horse Batteries,
1 Rocket Battery, 1 / 4 Foot Batteries.
|Corps Cavalry: 1 Unit of 2 / 3 cavalry stands,
mostly Uhlans with some Hussars .
|4 Infantry 'Divisions'
|2 Infantry units of 10 / 15 stands.
|1 Jager unit of 3(4) / 5(7) stands.
|1 Foot Battery.
|Divisional HQ: 1 Leader.
|Divisional Artillery: 1 / 2 Horse Batteries.
|2 Cavalry Brigades each: 1 cavalry unit
of 5 / 7 stands (Light Divisions). or 1 cavalry unit of
6 / 9 stands (Reserve Divisions)