The Dawn of the Tsarist Empire:

The Russian Campaigns of 1708-1709



This page is dedicated to an overview of a book written by one of club members about the Russian Campaign of 1708-09. The book contains details of all the battles in the campaign, including some covered for the first time in English. It also contain many OOB's, maps and other material - this includes the fullest OOB of the battle of Poltava yet. Much of this material is unavailable in any other pulication in English. It is a modern look at this decisive campaign and the battles within using up to date research from many different languages.

Gamers, historians and all with an interest in this campaign should find something of interest.


Dust Cover

The Great Northern War was a decisive war in Eastern Europe and the Russian campaign of 1708 - 1709 was the decisive campaign of the war. These changed the power structure in Eastern Europe and thus the world generally, a change that persists to this day. The campaign is often portrayed as a totally one sided affair. A flawed, Swedish king stubbornly leads his doomed army to inevitable defeat at Poltava.

This book looks at how true this view really is. It examines all four theatres in the campaign and all of the larger engagements, rather than concentrating on the main armies and engagements. It uses sources from all of the parties involved andnew research to provide fresh insight into this fascinating campaign and the battles in it. The book provides many interesting details for the first time in English and challenges many of the accepted views of this war.


List of Contents:


Chapter 1: The Course of the War (1700 to 1707)

    • The Opening Campaigns (1700 - 1701)
    • Saxony or Russia? (Late 1701/Early 1702)
    • Poland (1702 to 1705):
    • The Baltic provinces and Finland (1701 to 1705)
    • Victory in Poland and Saxony Occupied (1706 to 1707)
    • The Lull before the Storm (1707)

Chapter 2: The Armies

  • The Swedish Army
    • Recruitment:
    • Organisation:
  • The Russian Army
    • Army Composition:

    Unit Organisation:

  • The Polish and Lithuanian Armies:
  • The Cossacks:
  • Tactical Overview

Chapter 3: Plans and Preparations

  • The Swedish Royal Army at Grodno: King Charles XII
  • Lewenhaupt's Army at Riga
  • Lybecker's Army in Finland
  • Pro Swedish Polish and Lithuanian forces
  • Krassow's Corps in Poland
  • Main Russian Army: Tsar Peter and General Sheremetev
  • Apraksin's Army (based at St. Petersburg)
  • Bauer's Command (based around Dorpat)
  • Pro Russian Polish and Lithuanian forces
  • Golitsyn's Command at Kiev

Chapter 4: The Opening Moves and Holowczyn.

  • The Battle of Holowczyn, July 4th 1708
    • Organisation of the Russian Army.
    • Swedish Attacking Force.

Chapter 5: Where is Lewenhaupt?

The Swedish Royal Army July to September 1708.

    • The Russian Army at Gorki or Horka
  • The Battle of Malatize or Dobroe, 31st August 1708.
  • The Action at Rajovka (Raevka or Kadine), September 10th 1708

Chapter 6: From Riga to ruin. Lewenhaupt's Army, March to October 1708

  • The Battle of Lesnaja, September 29th 1708
    • Swedish Forces:
    • Russian Forces:
    • The Battle
    • The Aftermath

Chapter 7: The Finnish Army Fiasco.

  • Lybecker's Campaign, August to October 1708

Chapter 8: The March to Severia and the Ukraine, October to December 1708

Chapter 9: The Polish tide turns, Poland and Lithuania in 1708

  • The Battle of Koniecpol, November 21st 1708

Chapter 10: The Countdown, January 1709 to June 1709

    • Action at Oposhnya, January 29th 1709
  • The Campaign in Poland, January to June 1709.
    • The Actions at Lachowce and Wisniowce, April 12th and May 23rd 1709

Chapter 11: The Battle of Poltava, June 28th 1709: Part 1: The Armies and Battlefield.

  • The Swedish Army at the Battle of Poltava
  • The Russian Army at the Battle of Poltava
  • The Battlefield:

Chapter 12: The Battle of Poltava, June 28th 1709: Part 2: The Battle

  • The Opening Stages
  • The Small Redoubts
  • Roos' Ordeal
  • The Issue is decided
  • The Siege is broken
  • Defeat and retreat

Chapter 13: The end of the road, Perevolochna

Chapter 14: The Aftermath and the end of the war

Chapter 15: Could the Swedes have won?


Where to get the book:

The book is available from the following sources. These are the ones we know of and there are probably also many more. If you sell this book and would like to add a link then please contact us.

Caliver Books

On Military Matters

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